Knowing important things about shipping hazardous material

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Shipping is a process of transportation of goods and cargo via sea, land or air. Shipping of hazardous materials is a process that only a few shipping companies can entertain for the reason that it is quiet dangerous to handle these type of materials. These kinds of materials are used in many fields like research centers, chemical centers, military, schools, universities, etc. Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA) is a law passed in 1975 by the United States for safety against risk of life, environment and property that can occur due to mishandling unsafe materials. To ship hazardous material, the shipping company has to follow some procedures and policies that are mentioned in this act. Hazardous materials are often called HazMat in an abbreviated form, which include radioactive, allergenic, corrosive, asphyxiating, explosive, toxic, oxidizing pathogenic and flammable materials.
For shipping hazardous materials, first a team of trained professionals known as ‘HazMat team’ is prepared the handle it as per the requirement. Such material is packaged and labeled accordingly so that they are easy to identify. A security plan and an emergency response system is designed and is followed in case of any accident. After fulfilling all requirements, it is time to load the material on the vehicle that may be a ship, rail, airplane or a truck. It is important to load these materials carefully, taking all necessary precautions in consideration. Most important rule of transporting this type of material is a “sign” that is a universal symbol of hazardous materials and has to be applied during packaging.
Many shipping companies handle hazardous material but only a few have expertise and recognized. Shipping companies charge a lot of money to transport these materials. One cannot transport these goods by himself even if they are in small quantity as it is considered as illegal. These companies have recognition by law that allows them to pack and transport goods for you.
Different types of law-enforcement agencies work together to stop illegal transportation of such materials. They are Research and Special Programs Administration (RITA), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), United States Coast Guard (USCG), National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and Atomic Energy Authority (AEA) who have the authority to check rail carriers, air carriers, sea carriers, etc.
For successful shipment, shipping department certified employee must assess the material and give you a no-hazard certificate. Shipping hazardous materials require a proper process that you have to follow if you want to transport these materials safely and securely.

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